Whether driven by the need for personal protection, or a passion for sport shooting. Or a fascination with firearm collections, owning a gun comes with immense significance and responsibility. However, in our ever-changing society, gun laws continuously evolve to adapt to new challenges and perspectives. Recent legislative developments in various states exemplify this dynamic nature, such as Florida’s adoption of permit-less concealed carry laws or North Carolina’s elimination of the permit requirement for firearm purchases.

In light of these changes, it becomes increasingly important for new gun owners to stay informed. Also, vigilant about the intricacies of gun laws to ensure they are acting within the boundaries of the law and promoting public safety. So read on as we delve into the most important gun laws you should know as a new gun owner.

Concealed Carry Permits

If you want to carry a concealed firearm in public, most states require a permit. The laws surrounding CCW permits vary widely, some states may require an application process or training courses, while others may have no permit requirements at all.

For instance, starting July 1st, 2023, there is no longer a requirement for a permit to carry a concealed weapon in Florida. However, it is essential to note that even though a license is not required, there are still laws in Florida regarding firearms that you need to be aware of. For example, it remains illegal to bring a concealed weapon into a police station, a school, or a bar.

Regardless of permit requirements, responsible gun owners should prioritize rigorous firearm training and education to ensure their commitment to safety. For more details on concealed carry laws and firearm training, refer to the Florida Concealed Coalition. If you reside in Florida and desire a concealed carry permit valid in Florida (as well as in 37 other states). And the certification offered by the Florida Concealed Coalition is an excellent option. It also serves as a way to show law enforcement that you have taken steps to be knowledgeable in gun laws and proper safety measures.

Purchase Requirements

One crucial aspect of the purchasing process is the background check. In the United States, the background check system reached an all-time high in 2020, with more than 300,000 checks conducted. Surprisingly, about 42% of the denials resulted from would-be buyers having felony convictions on their records. 

Age restrictions are another critical aspect of purchasing firearms. In most states, the minimum age requirement is 18 for long guns (such as rifles and shotguns) and 21 for handguns. It is worth noting that the age range of 18 to 20 is considered an extremely high-risk period for teenagers. Arrest rates for murder are highest among individuals in this age group. Furthermore, states that have implemented policies restricting gun purchases to those over 20 have shown lower rates of gun-related suicides. This compelling data has prompted more and more states, including Delaware, Florida, Illinois, and others, to raise the minimum age for possessing all firearms to 21.

Laws Related to Discharging a Firearm

Laws related to the discharge of firearms play a crucial role in maintaining public safety. New gun owners must understand and adhere to these laws to avoid legal consequences. 

Even discharging a firearm in one’s backyard can have legal implications if certain conditions are unmet. If the backyard is not shielded from public view or if it is not fenced correctly, it may be considered public property. 

So, what can you do to ensure responsible firearm use? First, handle your firearms with the delicacy of a toddler holding a crystal vase. Be extremely cautious, and if you plan on firing a gun in your backyard, ensure it’s secure. Avoid discharging a firearm in a manner that could reasonably be expected to cause the bullet to cross the boundary of your property. This precaution is vital to prevent the risk of endangering others or causing damage to neighboring properties.

Self-Defense Laws

The most important law in this regard is the “duty to retreat.” In jurisdictions with a duty to retreat, individuals facing imminent harm are legally obligated to choose retreat over using force to defend themselves. Approximately one-fourth of U.S. states adhere to this standard, including New York, Minnesota, and Hawaii. This means that if a person has an opportunity to escape to safety. And they are required to do so rather than resorting to self-defense.

However, many states have imposed “stand your ground” laws that revocate the duty to retreat before using force in self-defense. The first such law was passed in Florida. Stand your ground laws allow individuals to use lethal force if they reasonably believe their life is in imminent danger, without the obligation to retreat first. 

Transporting Firearms

One crucial legal concept regarding the transportation of firearms is the Peaceable Journey Law, which allows individuals to transport firearms through states where they do not possess a valid permit, as long as they are lawfully allowed to carry the gun in both the state of origin and the destination. However, this law has its limits. You can’t turn your transport into a never-ending vacation in a state where firearm possession would be illegal. You must be in transit throughout.

When transporting firearms, it is essential to follow specific guidelines. The firearm must be unloaded, and the gun and ammunition should be stored out of reach, not in easily accessible areas like the glove compartment. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) considers a firearm to be loaded when the firearm. And ammunition is within reach of the passenger. If caught with a loaded gun, penalties may be imposed.

If traveling by air, you must declare the firearm and ammunition at the airport when checking your luggage at the ticket counter. The container transporting the firearm must securely and completely enclose it, preventing unauthorized access. It would be best to use locked cases that cannot be easily opened to ensure the firearm’s security during transportation.


With great power comes great responsibility. Understanding and adhering to gun laws is essential to ensure personal safety, promote public safety, and avoid legal consequences. This article briefly examined some important gun laws new gun owners should know. However, it is essential to note that regulations can vary from state to state. So, it is crucial to consult local authorities. And legal resources to obtain accurate and up-to-date information regarding gun laws in your area.